Thanks due to Allah , the merciful , the most gracious .
Najm Al-Din Bin Siwar Al-Dimeshqi is one of the masters in Arabic literature . He becomes famous in the seventh century after Higrah and his collection considered one of the most important work in the Arabic literature .
The topic of ‘ The Language of Poetry’ especially in the collection of Aldemeshqi represents a special reference for most of the studies in linguistics and literature because it includes all components of Arabic language such as literature , linguistics , criticism , etc.
This study consists of four chapters preceded by prologue and followed by a conclusion .
The prologue contains two parts . Part on sheds light on the poet’s life and investigates the external factors affect the poet’s life and his poetry such as social , political and cultural factors .
The second part studies the language of poetry .
The first chapter entitled ‘ rhythm ‘ deals with rhythm in the poet’s poetry . Because the phoneme is the smallest sound in a language and because rhythm is a phonemic phenomena so it is important to study rhythm in the poets poetry . This chapter is divided into two sections .
First section studies rhyme and rhythm . The second section deals with certain rhythmical phenomena such as repletion , circulation , simile , etc .
The second chapter studies the poet’s style of expressions used in his poems .
The expressions used by the poet are easy , clear and colloquial.
Then the chapter sheds light on the sources of which the poet chooses his expressions from . These sources are nature , religious , battles , time , and place .
The third chapter deals with the constructions used by the poet .
The most widely used constructions are presented and analysed.
The constructions formulate the language of the poet . The most used construction are , the verb clause , the noun clause , statements , if clauses , etc.
The fourth chapter devoted to study the technical image in this collection . This chapter is divided into three sections . section one deals with resources of technical constructions which contain the psychic motive , the poet cultural background and nature . The second section studies tools for constructing technical image represented by simile , metaphor , etc .
The third section studies types of technical images .
The researcher consults a number of resources , among them are the collection under study , historical books and works deals with the period of time in which the poet live , besides many encyclopedias , number of theses and dissertations that are relevant to the topic of this study .