كمال كاظم جواد الشمري

Abstract

 

     Small industries are considered as one of the most essential and important activities in the under developing and advanced industries as well.

These small industries faced many problems related to financial deficiencies and the difficulties in obtaining finance. The other problems are related to the weakness of the production technique art which is used in such kind of industries.

     In the recent international economics confirms liberation of marking, small industries faced another kinds of problems related to the intensity of the knowledge that is used in production, such as : engineering of production process, watching goodness and newer technique in management. These institutions became unrivaled not only on the base of the market value but also on the base of their ability for ingenuity, therefore, incubators of business have special interest in developed and progressing countries because they provide important particularities for these small industries. Through these particularities, small industries can obtain high quality skills and experiences and can get common market services as well as can facilitate the way for different financial centers.

     International experiences make a failure sign to acquire these aims through individual procedures and politics. For this reason, it is important to find out a new procedures in order to solve all these problems. Small industries found their aims by merging within the incubators of business which mingle the existence powers in all involved factors such as governmental managements, private schemes and un-governmental organizations in order to achieve positive contribution in the economic process development via sustain and support the small industries.

     Incubators of business are considered as a tool for enhancement the enduring development economics and renew the framework via spreading knowledge of individual and private business and acquiring and settlement of newer technique. It has been worked to increase the success in the small units of production through the assistance of pointer projects in their first step and work to achieve confirmation in market. The assistance includes different kinds: systematic, financial, legal, trade, technical and scientific fields. Therefore, these producing units will become one of the sources for providing constantly labour opportunities and will contribute in total locally producing for different economics.

     In the last tow decades, many academies, general politics makers, international organizations and trading activities were largely interested in incubators of business, however, the small industries in developed countries shape the prevalent economic activities and contribute with large portion in nationalistic turnover harvest. From the general political side, nationalism governments and international donator consider supporting these small industries as means of monetary aid for the poor in society and to find proper labour opportunities for the most underprivileged citizens. Meanwhile, it leads to motivate private business via contribution and un-centralized development.    

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