حسنين عدنان مرتضى الواجدي

Abstract:

That the teaching of history is important, like other sciences, because the study affect the present and future of the nation, it is the study of past civilizations and the disclosure of the factors that contributed to the creation of contemporary civilization and to identify the problems of modern man.

That the methods of history teaching prevail in our schools based on the conservation rote memorization and take a large role in the educational process to this day without the active participation of students in the educational situation that opens the door for self-reliant in the acquisition of knowledge, trends modern educational confirm to make the student active in the educational process Hence, we should find new strategies active thought the learner and make it effective in the educational process and these strategies questions the preparation tribal programmed computer, and provides questions to prepare tribal students before the duration of the date of the lesson to answer it in the next lesson, which paves the way for students to look themselves in the details substance of the subject to be prepared to work to resolve themselves through the knowledge of what is required of them carefully in the next lesson away from the noise and confusion.
      It also became the use and investment potential of computer-a feature of the present age because of the benefits created by patterns of civilian life, and required changes in place and live with in our societies, which would build cultures and comprehensive and integrated policies, to ensure the disposal of traditional style in everyday life. As the scientific and technological progress is linked to computer culture is closely linked to require all institutions to join forces and continue ongoing efforts to cope with this growing challenge to the requirements of the next phase of rehabilitation of the people of this nation qualified technology makes them able to coexist and tender and competition, one of the educational methods and technologies that can to benefit the student in the educational process because of the elements of thrill and excitement and characteristics that distinguish them from other means of education.

Therefore, current research aims to find out (the effectiveness of the preparation questions tribal computerized collection and retention of students at the first row in the middle of the history of ancient civilizations).

To verify this objective, the researcher Elsafreeten following two hypotheses:

Frdita Search:


1 – collection:

There is no difference statistically significant at the level (0,05) between the average score for the experimental group students who have studied the use of questions to prepare tribal computer and the average score for students who have studied the control group in the usual manner traditional in history.

2 – Retention:

          There is no difference statistically significant at the level (0,05) between the average score for the experimental group students who have studied the use of questions to prepare tribal computer and the average score for students who have studied the control group in the usual manner traditional in history.

To be sure of that the researcher chose an experimental design which has a partial control , and the researcher had limited on purpose AL – Dhura for the distinctive in Karbala to be a sample of search, where the number of members (52) students, and by (26) students in both experimental and control groups.

The researcher evenly between the two groups of students research a number of variables (degrees of history for the past academic year 2008-2009, and chronological age measured in months, and test of intelligence, and academic achievement to parents, and educational attainment for mothers).

After identifying the researcher Article scientific of chapters three first book on the history of civilizations for the first grade the average of the approved teaching and Ministry of Education of Iraq for the academic year 2009-2010, coined the researcher, targets of conduct for the chapters of the three numbered (131) target, prepared questions to prepare tribal of ( 131) Q-programmed computer using a program (Power Point) applied to be displayed with their answers through the device (Data Show), has also drawn up plans teaching the two sets of search, and display models, including a group of experts and specialists in teaching methods, measurement and evaluation, psychology and history.

The researcher prepared achievement test to measure the level of student achievement after the completion of the experiment, will be the test of (40), paragraph a test of the type of multiple choice, and check the truth through the presentation to the group of experts and arbitrators, and check the firmness applied to sample prospective students from medium-Ibn- Hayan the second core, and the value of the link (0.77).

Researcher studied two groups of his own research during the probationary period, which lasted (10) weeks, and after the termination of the experiment the researcher applied the test grades students were exposed to two sets of search and the researcher re-test application after (21) days to verify the hypothesis II (retention).

To analyze the results the researcher used the following statistical methods: (T. test Altaii ends of the two samples separate, Pearson correlation coefficient to calculate the stability test, the Spearman Brown formula, Chi square, the equivalent difficulty of the paragraph, the equation coefficient discrimination paragraph).

The researcher found the following results:

There is a difference statistically significant at the level of significance (0,05) for the experimental group which studied the use of questions to prepare tribal computer to the control group, who studied in the traditional manner in the collection and retention.
In light of this result came out the researcher’s conclusions and the recommendations of several, including the adoption of strategic questions to prepare tribal programmed computer in the teaching of history.

As a complement to the current search researcher suggested further studies similar to the current students and the stages of other subjects.

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