Devise a history of its importance as a social historians look. Hoveman and educators to understand the present and planning for the future should be identified on the roots strike in the past in order to draow lessons from it that the trend currently prevailing in the methods of teaching history tends to indoctrination and simulation,This method has made the gap between the student and a great teacher.
The positive role pf the teacher in terme of explanation and illustration and the transfer of ideas either negative student its role exemplified baltgay then just remember all what has saved in the exam and this is contrary to the demands made of modern education, which provides for activating the role of the learner in educational process and methods and strategies for teaching speech is that the traditional and the modern strategy time maps, where time maps help students overcome the many difficulties during the teaching of history of them, represented by this difficulties to acquire historical time concepts understanding of historical events and their interpretation and comparison among and within this Frame work, the learner is unique and effective role in the analysis acquisition and understanding of historical events.
This is consistent with what modern education calls for him to activate the role of the teacher and learner and better use of teaching aids to learning, her play an active role time maps to ensure they provide an element of excitement and suspense and motivation to learn biceps time zone used typs of charts and forms and colors.
There for, current research aims to identify (after mapping by time of collection and retention of students of the second row in the middle of history) and to verify this objective researcher formulated hypo theses :
1 – collection:
There is no difference statistically significant at the level (0,05) between the average score for the experimental group students who have studied by use the time maps and the control group students who have studied average score the in the usual manner traditional in history.
2 – Retention:
There is no difference statistically significant at the level (0,05) between the average score for the experimental group students who have studied the use of time map and the control group students who have studied average score in the usual manner traditional in history.
To be sure of that the researcher chose an experimental design which has a partial control, and the researcher had limited on purpose AL – Dhura for the distinctive in Karbala to be a sample of search, where the number of members (52) students, and by (26) students in both experimental and control groups.
The researcher evenly between the two groups of students research a number of variables (degrees of history for the past academic year( 2009-2010) and chronological age measured in months, and test of intelligence, and academic achievement to parents, and educational attainment for mothers).
After identifying the researcher Article scientific of chapters three first book on the history of civilizations for the first grade the average of the approved teaching and Ministry of Education of Iraq for the academic year( 2010-2011) coined the researcher, targets of conduct for the chapters of the three numbered (153) target, has also drawn up plans teaching the two sets of search, and display models, including a group of experts and specialists in teaching methods, measurement and evaluation, psychology and history.
The researcher prepared achievement test to measure the level of student achievement after the completion of the experiment, will be the test of (60), paragraph a test of the type of multiple choice, and check the truth through the presentation to the group of experts and arbitrators, and check the firmness applied to sample prospective students from medium nasik–al maalaekh the second core,
Researcher studied two groups of his own research during the probationary period, which lasted (11) weeks, and after the termination of the experiment the researcher applied the test grades students were exposed to two sets of search and the researcher re-test application after (21) days to verify the hypothesis II (retention).
To analyze the results the researcher used the following statistical methods: (T. test Altaii ends of the two samples separate, Pearson correlation coefficient to calculate the stability test, the Spearman Brown formula, Chi square, the equivalent difficulty of the paragraph, the equation coefficient discrimination paragraph).
The researcher found the following results:
In light of this result came out the researcher’s conclusions and the recommendations of several, including the adoption of strategic time maps in the teaching of history.
As a complement to the current search researcher suggested further studies similar to the current students and the stages of other subjects.
There is a difference statistically significant at the level of significance (0,05) for the experimental group which studied the use of time maps and control group, who studied in the traditional manner in the collection 0
There is a difference statistically significant at the level of significance (0,05) for the experimental group which studied the use of time maps and control group, who studied in the traditional manner in the retention.
There is Not difference statistically significant at the level of significance (0,05) for the experimental group which studied by use time maps, In collection and retention.