مرتضى كمال حريجة علي آل شــلاّل

Abstract :

The literature and civilization of Al – Andulas is still apoint of consideration for student and its is a desire for the majority to search such subject . It is difficult for the research to find a complete empty corner to place his research touching s in order to satisfy his desire .from- this point , I started my effort find such corner among that huge heritage . At last , L could find a collection of verses belongs to Ibin Al- Hay Al – Belfeeqi ( born 771 A .H).He is one of the greatest poets in Al –A ndulus in the eighth century A.H He is the teacher of Lisan Al.DIN Bin Al-Khateeb who mentioned him in some of his publishing’s mainly in (AL-Ihata in Ikhbar Ghurnata )quoting some of his verses and praising his poetic abilities ,his wide knowledge and his good behavior . on this basis . I found the corner that l searched about . That is to say declaring this ability and shedding The lighton , That is my project in the master study , because l was caring about the poets artistic and aesthetic aspect . this affected the study framework which is formed of an introduction and four chapters . the introduction tackled the poets period features politically , socially and culturally , the introduction then added news that we had gotter about the poet and some of his biography .the first chapter focused on the poets objective side .It was divided in to nine sections . the researcher began with the most familiar one the glory and the more familiar one the wisdom . there is a considerable  im brication among the poets subject in the same text . one can hardly find a complete in dependent subject our separation for these subject is for the study and research purposes , no more . the next three chapter s concentrated on the poets artistic side . the second chapter dealt with vocabulary and structures it was divideded in to two section . the first is about vocabulary and the second is about structure s the research observed its senses the third chapter which is entitled rhetorical arts tackled simile metaphor , metonymy ,antithesis , quotation and implication , and the way the researcher formed to create the poetic image the fourth the chapter is devoted to the poetic rhythm , which is divided in to two sections . the first is about the external music where the poet in terested in the poetic meters and rhyme scheme their types and how to use . the second section is about the internal music which dealt with repetition and its types paronomasia and its types ,the influence of the poets use on the musical aspect and its semantic effects .Also .it is considerable to show that the researcher distinguished repetition and paronomasia from the rhetorical arts and including them in the rhythm chapter , claiming the suitability of this chapter . the researcher neglected studying the artistic building of the poets verses , such as introduction , politeness and conclusion . that’s because his poems were no more than pieces .while his narrated poems mostly short and its artistic building elements were abscure . the researcher depended upon the descriptive style , that is ,he depends on the artistic and objected aspects in the poets verse finally. L would like to express my thanks and gratitude to my supervisor ( assist. Prof. Dr. Ali kadhum Al muslawi ) for all his guidance , advice and consults to finish the current thesis in this way . He was as the brother who leads his younger brother to the safe land of the academic work . I also thank God for my suffering in spite of the difficult circumstances that surround the Great lraq ,beside the shortage of reference relate to the poet in particular and Al-Andulus literature in general . Never the less , the researcher could overcome such difficulties patiently with the help of generous instructors and faithful friends by supplying books . advice or their time . we can say that AL-Belfeeqi was one of the famous poet in his time . He treated the well – known poetic subjects . He expressed various feelings by a group of structural and rhetorical styles                                                                                                                                         

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