سعدية هلال حسن التميمي

Abstract

It highlights the importance of the investment environment as one of the strategic economic issues task Beyond the incubator that grows and develops the investment and the economy in general, and it has paid many developing countries, especially the importance of improving the means promised by adjusting the investment laws and through what they offer incentives, facilities and guarantees as well as facilitating the procedures for obtaining licenses and the provision of appropriate infrastructure in transport, communications and information technology and other sectors, and from this point of intensified competition between countries in order to achieve a better ranking in international indicators that highlight the role of the investment environment. Thus lies the importance of our choice for this vital subject and study to highlight the investment in order to show the effect of the investment environment Bmahratha and their determinants and impacts on stimulating economic growth and growth becomes a minor with repellent investment environment, and that a foreign investor who wishes to invest enters the system of interlocking relations with the host country always looking for the investment environment, which represents the overall economic, political, legal and administrative conditions which ensure the safety of its investments and the flow of revenues.

That many investment environment determinants of the most important security and political stability, transparency and integrity in the administrative dealings, the clarity of the legal proceedings, and stability in the exchange rate and inflation and provide banks and their evolution, etc., and indicators of economic freedom, the readiness of the global digital infrastructure, globalization, human development, competitiveness, transparency (Perceptions Corruption), ease of doing business activities, as well as show us from the experiences of countries analysis that the United Arab Emirates has succeeded in creating an investment environment Bmahratha as practiced well impact on economic growth and foreign direct investment, and influential moderate indicators of the investment environment to stimulate economic growth and foreign direct investment in Saudi Arabia, and the effect is weak for the Arab Republic of Egypt.

But Iraq has been given late sites in international indicators is located within the same bad economic freedom countries, and rank advanced in the corruption index, and the development of a human medium, and the globalization of late, as well as the difficulty of Business Administration and there floundering in the work of the Iraqi government and the National Commission for Investment in the creation of investment environment favorable withstand the elements of a successful environment, since Iraq is suffering from a clear lack of infrastructure in spite of a number of projects in the past Kulailah years, and its dependence on oil as the only source of wealth where this sector form a large proportion of gross domestic product, causing it to make Iraqi economy vulnerable to fluctuations that occur in the world oil markets.

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